WHAT IS WELLNESS?
Wellness – is a word that has only recently appeared in the dictionaries of many languages and is mostly used to refer to a state of physical and mental well-being.
If we try to determine its definition in the dictionary, it would be: “Wellness (from the words ‘be well’, ‘well-being’) is the concept of a healthy lifestyle based on a combination of physical and mental health, wholesome food, reasonable exercise and giving up bad habits”.
This concept was first introduced into practice by an American doctor Halbert Dunn in 1959. He was the first one that formulated the basic principles of a healthy lifestyle:
· physical activity
· mental activity
· balanced diet
· Rehabilitation (adequate sleep, relaxation and emotional harmony)
· Beauty and care for face and body
The main aim of wellness – is to prevent any illnesses, signs of aging both externally and internally. The need to keep fit by doing physical activity and staying healthy by taking preventative measures is now dictated by society itself and economic circumstances: a rapid increase in the number of older people compared to younger people makes us think about how to delay the aging process and how to keep mentally and physically active for many years and how to compete with the younger generation efficiently. It is not rare that women and men between the age of 50-60 look great and feel physically well, actively participate in society and do not even think of retiring. They invest money in proper nutritional food, fitness, cosmetology and quality rest, instead of spending money on drugs and medicine. They do everything to prevent such changes to their bodies that will require them to go to the hospital or leave work and be incapacitated. It has become a major trend in the Western society.
In America and Europe, wellness has quickly gained a lot of popularity in the wider circles of society because of the numerous publications by Halbert Dunn, John Travis, Donald Ardell and Gerhard Hettler.
The word ‘wellness’ came into the Russian language relatively recently, and its perception is somewhat different from the original meaning that was created. It is known, that many ‘good’ words often begin to be used for promotional and marketing purposes by those who do not fully understand their meaning. Gradually, it becomes a ‘cliché’ with all the different meanings. Now in our country, there are two main concepts of the multifaceted ‘wellness’; first is the SPA technologies and second is lazy fitness. However, ‘wellness’ means the integrated use of various techniques, consisting of the correct approach to nutritional programmes, physical activity, psychological rehabilitation and recovery after stress, beauty treatments and much more, so the devaluation of this term is highly unwelcomed.
Wellness is a philosophy of a person’s well-being in all aspects of his life: spiritual, social and physical. Considering the high expectations generated by this word, it must be used with due care only by those who can really help achieve those results in all of these areas, instead of just one.
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